Biomorphism is a 20th-century style of painting, sculpture, photography, and design with roots in the late 19th century. It is characterized by what is often termed “organic” forms: curvilinear rather than angular lines and surfaces, presumably more typical of biomorphs (life forms) than orthogonal arrangements. I choose this style because there are two artists I respect, Constantin Brancusi and Isamu Noguchi, in this period. The 1900s is also represented a peak time of Biomorphism.
Constantin Brancusi, Hans Arp, Barbara Hepworth, and Isamu Noguchi, they are the typical sculptor of Biomorphic. Constantin Brancusi, one of the beginners, is Isamu Noguchi's inspiration. “Great good fortune such as this has something of the divine and inevitable," Noguchi said of his introduction to Brancusi. The two artists’ influence was reciprocal and deep.
The sculptor, painter, and poet Hans Arp was a leading pioneer in a number of art movements, As a female, Barbara Hepworth's biomorphic forms emphasized a correspondence between the human body and the natural landscape.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
The Museum of Modern Art(MoMA)
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
CATEGORY - CDWA&CCO
I assigned Categories for the Description of Works of Art(CDWA) as my guideline to describing the category. I also used Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO), a guide to describing cultural works and their Images. It includes rules and examples for a core subset derived from the CDWA categories and the VRA Core Categories.
CDWA is mapped to other standards like Dublin Core and metadata element sets in the Metadata Standards Crosswalk. I listed the required categories that are indicated as core
|Catalog Level(core)||Work Type||Type|
|Creator Description(core)||Creator Display||Creator|
|Creator Role(core)||Creator Role|
|Creation Date(core)||Display Date||Date.Created|
|Descriptive Note Text||Description||Description|
|Dimensions Description(core)||Measurements Display||Extent|
|Materials/Techniques Name||Material Technique||Format.Medium|
|Repository Numbers(core)||Resource Identifier|
On sculpture part, I use CDWA as the basis for various art cataloging and information systems. It is also mapped to the Cultural Objects Name Authority (CONA). CONA is linked to the Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT), Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names(TGN), Union List of Artist Names(ULAN), and the Getty Iconography Authority (IA), which I compiled the vocabularies such as type, subjects, creator, extent, and other metadata about works of art.
In photo part, the vocabulary is used by the Library of Congress.
I contributed CSV to collect all the information about the artworks and imported it into Omeka System.