Biomorphism is a 20th-century style of painting, sculpture, photography, and design with roots in the late 19th century. It is characterized by what is often termed “organic” forms: curvilinear rather than angular lines and surfaces, presumably more typical of biomorphs (life forms) than orthogonal arrangements. I choose this style because there are two artists I respect, Constantin Brancusi and Isamu Noguchi, in this period. The 1900s is also represented a peak time of Biomorphism. 

Constantin Brancusi, Hans Arp, Barbara Hepworth, and Isamu Noguchi, they are the typical sculptor of Biomorphic. Constantin Brancusi, one of the beginners, is Isamu Noguchi's inspiration. “Great good fortune such as this has something of the divine and inevitable," Noguchi said of his introduction to Brancusi. The two artists’ influence was reciprocal and deep.

The sculptor, painter, and poet Hans Arp was a leading pioneer in a number of art movements,  As a female, Barbara Hepworth's biomorphic forms emphasized a correspondence between the human body and the natural landscape. 


Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

The Museum of Modern Art(MoMA)

Tate Modern London

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

The Isamu Noguchi Archive


I assigned Categories for the Description of Works of Art(CDWA) as my guideline to describing the category. I also used Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO), a guide to describing cultural works and their Images. It includes rules and examples for a core subset derived from the CDWA categories and the VRA Core Categories.

CDWA is mapped to other standards like Dublin Core and metadata element sets in the Metadata Standards Crosswalk.  I listed the required categories  that are indicated as core

Catalog Level(core) Work Type Type
Classification Term(core) Class Subject
Title Text(core) Title Title
Creator Description(core) Creator Display Creator
Creator Role(core) Creator Role  
Creation Date(core) Display Date Date.Created
Descriptive Note Text Description Description
Dimensions Description(core) Measurements Display Extent
Materials/Techniques Name Material Technique Format.Medium
Building/Site Former Location Coverage
Repository Numbers(core)   Resource Identifier
Copyright Statement(core)   Rights


On sculpture part, I use CDWA  as the basis for various art cataloging and information systems. It is also mapped to the Cultural Objects Name Authority (CONA). CONA is linked to the Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT), Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names(TGN), Union List of Artist Names(ULAN), and the Getty Iconography Authority (IA), which I compiled the vocabularies such as type, subjects, creator, extent, and other metadata about works of art. 

In photo part, the vocabulary is used by the Library of Congress. 

I contributed CSV to collect all the information about the artworks and imported it into Omeka System. 

CSV file